new terms and variations emerge rapidly. For the most part, we defer to the Associated Press Stylebook as our guide, but there are exceptions.
Frequently Used E-terms
|dial up (verb)||log out (verb)|
|dial-up (adjective) account||logoff (noun)|
|email (no hyphen)||logout (noun)|
|Internet (capital “I”)||multimedia (one word, no hyphen)|
|intranet (lowercase “i”)||Net (capital “N,” no apostrophe)|
|log in (verb)||offline (one word, no hyphen)|
|login (noun)||online (one word, no hyphen)|
The preferred phrasal verb is “log in” — not “log on,” “log onto” or “log into.” Do not replace “in” with “on,” “into” or “onto.” Note that while it is natural to say one is “logged in” without an object, no one would ever say he or she was “logged into.”
Right: Students should log in to PAWS on a regular basis.
Right: I’m already logged in.
Wrong: Use your campus ID to log onto PAWS.
Wrong: Log into BrightSpace to submit your essay.
World Wide Web Addresses (URIs and URLs)
“URL,” the initialism for “universal resource locator,” is often incorrectly used as a synonym for any kind of address on the World Wide Web. However, to be a URL, the address must include the appropriate protocol (access mechanism or network location), such as hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP), file transfer protocol (FTP) or lightweight directory access protocol (LDAP). A universal resource indicator (URI), on the other hand, is a broader term that includes Web addresses with or without the protocol. If you’re not specifying the protocol, don’t call an address a “URL.”
When referencing Web addresses in text, write only the root domain (such as “gsu.edu” or “outlook.com”) and the appropriate path (if any). Omit the protocols “http” and “https” and the abbreviation for World Wide Web (“www”), and do not include a slash at the end of the address.
Note that if your address is hosted on an alternative subdomain (such as “www2” or “www3”), you should include it. When writing for the Web, consider hyperlinking a word or phrase instead of writing out the URI.
Although references to the Web and Internet use an initial capital letter, these Web-based words use a lower case “w”:
webcast A live broadcast on the Web
webmaster The creator of a site
website A location on the Web
webzine Media of the Web and for the Web
|CC||carbon copy (BCC – blind carbon copy)||ISP||Internet service provider|
|CD||compact disc (plural – CDs)||JPEG||joint photographic experts group|
|dpi||dots per inch (lower case, never spelled out)||LAN||local area network|
|EPS||encapsulated postscript||OOP||object-oriented programming|
|FAQ||frequently asked questions||RAM||random access memory|
|FPS||frames per second||ROM||read-only memory|
|FTP||file transfer protocol||RSI||repetitive strain injury|
|GIF||graphic interchange format||TCP/IP||transmission control protocol/Internet protocol|
|GUI||graphical user interface (plural – GUIs)||TIFF||tagged image file format|
|HTML||hypertext markup language||WAN||wide area network|